Nature reserves

Kalmár Forest

Area: 9 ha

Legal declaration by Decree No. 16/2005. KvVM

Biogeographic region: Sand Ridge

The surroundings of the Kalmár Forest are characterized by a slightly undulating landscape owing to the shallow sand layer, which is typical of the eastern edge of the sand region of the Kiskunság. The majority of the forest consists of native poplar, and, to a lesser extent, black locust and other species. The herb layer is sparsely vegetated and has some open sand surfaces. Higher and thus drier elevations are covered by calcareous open sand steppe. A unique natural treasure of the reserve is the orchid Epipactis bugacensis, but some other, more common orchids, e.g. Dark-red Helleborine, Broad-leaved Helleborine and Red Helleborine also occur here. Among the animal species of the Kalmár Forest, Green Lizard, Sand Lizard and Common Spadefoot deserve to be mentioned. Regular breeding birds of the area include European Nightjar, Golden Oriole, Eurasian Hoopoe, Sparrowhawk and Lesser Grey Shrike.